Petunia × atkinsiana

Common garden petunia

Scientific classification

Kingdom:
Plantae

(unranked):
Angiosperms

(unranked):
Eudicots

(unranked):
Asterids

Order:
Solanales

Family:
Solanaceae

Genus:
Petunia

Species:
P. × atkinsiana

Binomial name

Petunia × atkinsiana
(Sweet) D. Don ex W. H. Baxter

Synonyms[1]

Nierembergia ×atkinsiana Sweet
Petunia × hybrida hort. ex E. Vilm.

Petunia × atkinsiana (synonym: Petunia × hybrida) is a Petunia plant “nothospecies” (hybrid), which encompasses all hybrid species of petunia between P. axillaris and P. integrifolia.[1] Most of the petunias sold for cultivation in home gardens are this type and belong to this nothospecies.[2]

Contents

1 Characteristics
2 Cultivation
3 Categories

3.1 Grandiflora
3.2 Hedgiflora (spreading)
3.3 Multiflora
3.4 Milliflora

4 AGM cultivars
5 Petunia cultivars showing different colours
6 References
7 External links

Characteristics[edit]

Floral arrangement of petunias in Columbus, Ohio

P. × atkinsiana plants were originally produced by hybridisation between P. axillaris (the large white or night-scented petunia) and P. integrifolia (the violet-flowered petunia). P. axillaris bears night-fragrant, buff-white blossoms with long, thin tubes and somewhat flattened openings. The scent molecules emitted by the hybrids are generally similar to those from P. axillaris.[3]
Cultivation[edit]
Petunia seeds germinate in 5 to 15 days. Petunias can tolerate relatively harsh conditions and hot climates. They need at least five hours of sunlight every day. They grow well in low humidity, moist soil. Young plants can be grown from seeds. Petunias should be watered once every two to five days. In drier regions, the plants should be watered daily.[4] Dead petals should be pruned so that the younger branches can flourish. Maximum growth occurs in late spring. Applying fertilizers once a month will help the plant grow quickly. Petunias can be cultivated in hanging baskets.
Categories[edit]
Grandiflora[edit]
This type of petunia has the largest flowers, up to 4 inches (100 mm) in diameter. Of all the petunias these have the widest variety of forms and colours but are the most likely to be damaged by heavy rain. There are four types of grandiflora and they are classified by their colours: ‘Daddy Series’ (shades of pink and purple), ‘Merlin Blue Morn’ (blue and white), ‘Supercascade Series’ (many colours) and ‘Ultra Series’ (many colour
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